Most Effective Ways To Overcome Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)’s Problem

Overview:
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection in your urinary system your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

Most infections involve the lower urinary tract — both the bladder and the urethra.

Girls are at greater risk of developing a UTI compared to men. Infection restricted to your bladder can be painful and bothersome. In this article, we discuss the Most Effective Ways To Overcome Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)’s Problems. But, serious effects can occur if a UTI spreads into your kidneys.

Doctors typically treat urinary tract infections with antibiotics. But you can take action to reduce your chances of getting a UTI in the first place.

Symptoms:
Urinary tract infections don’t necessarily cause signs and symptoms, but when they do they might include:

  • A powerful, persistent urge to urinate
  • A burning sensation when urinating
  • Urine that appears cloudy
  • Urine that seems red, glowing pink, or cola-colored — a sign of blood in the urine
  • Strong-smelling Substance
  • Pelvic pain, in women especially in the Middle of the anus and around the area of the pubic bone
  • UTIs might be overlooked or mistaken for other conditions in older adults.

Types of urinary tract infection:
Each kind of UTI might result in more specific symptoms and signs, depending on which part of your urinary tract is infected.

Contact your physician if you have signs and symptoms of a UTI.

Causes:
Urinary tract infections typically occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply from the gut.

Even though the urinary system is designed to keep out such microscopic invaders, these defenses occasionally neglect.

When that occurs, bacteria may take hold and develop into a full-blown infection in the urinary tract.

The most common UTIs occur mostly in women and affect both the bladder and urethra.

Infection of the bladder (cystitis)- This type of UTI is generally caused by Escherichia coli (E. coli), a type of bacteria commonly found in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. However, occasionally other germs are responsible.

Sexual intercourse may lead to cystitis, however, you don’t have to be sexually active to create it.

All women are at risk of cystitis because of their body especially, the brief distance from the urethra to the anus along with the urethral opening to the bladder.

Infection of the urethra (urethritis)- This type of UTI can occur when GI germs spread from the anus to the urethra.

Additionally, because the female urethra is near the vagina, sexually transmitted infections, like herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia, and mycoplasma, can lead to urethritis.

Risk Factors:
Urinary tract infections are common in women, and lots of women undergo more than 1 infection during their lifetimes.

Risk factors unique to women for UTIs include:

Female anatomy- A girl has a shorter urethra than a man does, which shortens the distance that bacteria must travel to get to the bladder.

Sexual activity- Sexually active women have a tendency to possess significantly more UTIs than do girls who aren’t sexually active. Having a brand new sexual partner also raises your risk.

Particular kinds of birth control- Women who use diaphragms for birth control might be at greater risk, as well as girls using spermicidal agents.

Menopause- After menopause, a decrease in circulating estrogen induces changes in the urinary tract which make you more vulnerable to infection.

Other risk factors for UTIs include:
Urinary tract abnormalities- Infants born with urinary tract abnormalities that don’t allow urine to leave the body generally or cause urine to back up in the urethra have an increased risk of UTIs.

Blockages from the urinary tract- Kidney stones or an enlarged prostate could trap pee in the bladder and increase the risk of UTIs.

A suppressed immune system- Diabetes and other diseases that impair the immune system the body’s defense against germs can raise the risk of UTIs.

Catheter use- People who can not urinate by themselves and use a tube (catheter) to urinate have a heightened risk of UTIs.

A recent urinary procedure- Urinary surgery or an exam of your urinary tract which entails medical instruments can increase your chance of developing a urinary tract infection.

Prevention:
You can take these steps to reduce your risk of urinary tract infections:

Drink lots of liquids, especially water- Drinking water helps dilute your urine and helps to ensure you’ll urinate more often permitting bacteria to be flushed from the urinary tract before an infection can begin.

Drink cranberry juice — Although studies aren’t conclusive that cranberry juice prevents UTIs, it is likely not harmful.

Wipe from front to back- Doing this after urinating and after a bowel movement helps prevent bacteria in the rectal area from spreading into your vagina and urethra.

Empty your bladder shortly after sex — Also, drink a full glass of water to help flush bacteria.

Avoid potentially bothersome female products –Using deodorant sprays or other female products, like douches and powders, in the genital area can irritate the urethra.

Change your birth control method- Diaphragms, or unlubricated or spermicide-treated condoms, can contribute to bacterial growth.

Treatments:
Antibiotics are the first-line treatment for urinary tract infections.

Which drugs are prescribed and for how long depends on your wellbeing condition and the sort of bacteria found in your urine?

Drugs commonly recommended for simple UTIs include:

  • Fosfomycin (Monurol)
  • Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Macrobid)
  • Cephalexin (Keflex)
  • Ceftriaxone

The group of antibiotic medicines known as fluoroquinolones such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin, and others is not commonly suggested for simple UTIs.

The dangers of these medications generally outweigh the advantages of treating uncomplicated UTIs.

In some cases, like a complex UTI or kidney infection, your physician might prescribe a fluoroquinolone medicine if there are no other treatment choices.

Preparing for your appointment:
Your family doctor, nurse practitioner, or another healthcare provider can treat many urinary tract infections.

Who specializes in urinary disorders (urologist) or kidney disorders (nephrologist) for an evaluation.

Everything you can do

To prepare for your appointment:

Ask if there is anything you need to do beforehand, for example, collect a urine specimen.

Take note of your symptoms, even if you’re not sure they are related to a UTI.

Create a listing of all the medications, vitamins, and other supplements you take.

To get a UTI, basic questions to ask your doctor include:

What’s the most likely cause of my signs and symptoms?

Are there some other potential causes?

Do I need any tests to confirm the diagnosis?

What factors do you believe could have contributed to my UTI?

What therapy approach do you recommend?

If the first treatment does not work, what would you recommend next?

Am I at risk of complications from this condition?

What’s the threat that this problem will recur?

What steps can I take to reduce my risk of recurrence?

Should I see a specialist?

Don’t be afraid to ask different questions as they occur to you during your appointment.

Hopefully, you find this article helpful enough. Kindly read our more articles and subscribe to us for staying updated on our all-new articles.

Thanks!!!

Team: Prime Health Blog

--

--

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store