Know all about Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis of the Colon

Overview:

Diverticula are small, bulging pouches that can form in the lining of your digestive system.

They are found most often in the lower part of the large intestine (colon).

Diverticula are common, especially after age 40, and seldom cause problems.

The presence of diverticula is referred to as diverticulosis (die-vur-tik-yoo-LOE-sis).

If one or more of the pouches become inflamed, and in some cases infected, this condition is known as diverticulitis (die-vur-tik-yoo-LIE-tis).

In this article, we give you quick knowledge to Know all about Diverticulosis and Diverticulitis of the Colon. Diverticulitis can cause severe abdominal pain, nausea, fever, and a marked change in your bowel habits.

Symptoms of diverticulitis:

Top Signs and symptoms of diverticulitis include:

  • Pain, which may be constant and persist for many days.
  • The lower left side of the stomach is the usual site of this pain.

At times, but the ideal side of the stomach is more debilitating, especially in people of Asian descent.

  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Abdominal tenderness.
  • Fever.
  • Constipation or, less commonly, diarrhea.

Get medical attention anytime you’ve got constant, unexplained abdominal pain, especially if you also have a fever and diarrhea or constipation.

Causes of diverticulitis:

Diverticula generally develop when naturally weak areas in your colon give way under stress.

This causes marble-sized pouches to float through the colon wall.

Diverticulitis occurs when diverticula tear, resulting in inflammation, and sometimes infection or disease.

Many factors may also increase your risk of developing or increasing diverticulitis:

  • The incidence of diverticulitis increases with age.
  • Being severely overweight increases your probability of developing diverticulitis.
  • If you compare people who smoke cigarettes are more likely than nonsmokers to experience diverticulitis.
  • Lack of exercise. Vigorous exercise appears to lower your risk of diverticulitis.
  • Diet low in fiber and high in animal fat. A low-fiber diet together with a high intake of animal fat appears to increase risk, although the role of low fiber alone isn’t apparent.
  • Specific medications. Several drugs can also increase your risk of diverticulitis, including steroids, opioids, and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs Infection

Home remedies to prevent diverticulitis:

  • Exercise regularly. Exercise promotes regular bowel functioning and reduces pressure within your colon. Try to use at least 30 minutes most days.
  • Eat more fiber. A high-fiber diet decreases the risk of diverticulitis.

Fiber-rich foods, such as fresh vegetables and fruits, and whole grains, soften waste material and help it pass faster through your colon.

Eating seeds and nuts is not associated with growing diverticulitis.

  • Drink lots of fluids. Fiber works by absorbing water and raising the soft, bulky waste from your colon.

But if you do not drink enough liquid to replace what is consumed, fiber could be constipating.

  • Quit or Avoid smoking. Smoking is associated with an increased risk of diverticulitis.

Diagnosis:

Diverticulitis is usually diagnosed during an acute attack. Since abdominal pain can signal a number of problems, your doctor will have to rule out other causes of your symptoms.

Your health care provider will begin with a physical examination, which will include checking your abdomen for tenderness.

Women generally have a rectal examination as well to rule out prostate disorder.

Treatment:

Treatment depends upon the severity of your symptoms and signs.

Uncomplicated diverticulitis:

If your symptoms are moderate, you may be treated at home.

Your doctor is likely to recommend:

Compounds to treat infection, although fresh guidelines say that in very mild cases, they might not be needed.

A liquid diet for a couple of days while your bowel heals. Once your symptoms improve, you can slowly add solid food to your diet.

Follow-up care:

Your doctor may recommend colonoscopy six weeks once you recover from diverticulitis, particularly if you have not had the exam in the preceding year.

There does not appear to be a direct link between diverticular disease and prostate or colon cancer.

But colonoscopy which is risky during a diverticulitis attack can exclude colon cancer as a cause of the symptoms.

After successful treatment, your physician might recommend surgery to prevent future episodes of diverticulitis.

Hopefully, you find this article helpful enough. Kindly read our more articles and subscribe to us for staying updated on our all-new articles.

Thanks!!!

Team: Prime Health Blog

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