Everything You Need to Know About Cellulitis in next 60 seconds

Overview:
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the skin and tissues beneath the skin.

Staphylococcus and Streptococcus are the types of bacteria that are usually responsible for cellulitis, although many kinds of bacteria can cause the condition.

Occasionally cellulitis appears in areas where the skin has broken open, such as the skin near ulcers or surgical wounds.

  • Tenderness and pain,
  • The heat of the affected area.
  • It can occur anywhere within the body. Cellulitis frequently affects the legs.
  • Cellulitis is not contagious.

Complications of severe cellulitis include the spread of this infection from the affected area into the blood or into other body cells. In this article, we update Everything You Need to Know About Cellulitis in next 60 seconds.

Cellulitis Symptoms and Signs:
It usually begins as a tiny region of pain and redness on the skin.

This region spreads into surrounding tissues, resulting in the normal signs of inflammation — swelling, redness, heat, and pain.

A person with cellulitis may also develop bloated or fever lymph nodes in the area of the disease.

What is cellulitis?
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the skin and tissues beneath the skin.

Contrary to impetigo, which is a really superficial skin infection, cellulitis is a bacterial skin infection that also requires the skin’s deeper layers the dermis, and subcutaneous tissue.

The key bacteria responsible for cellulitis are Streptococcus and Staphylococcus (“staph”), the very same bacteria which could cause impetigo and other diseases.

MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staph aureus) can also result in cellulitis. Sometimes, other bacteria (for example, Hemophilus influenza, Pneumococcus, and Clostridium species) can cause cellulitis too.

This problem of skin is fairly common and affects people of all ages and races. Women and men appear to be equally affected.

Where does cellulitis happen?
Cellulitis may happen anywhere on the body; the legs are a frequent sight.

The lower leg is the most common site of the infection (particularly in the area of the tibia or shinbone and at the foot; visit the illustration below), followed by the arm, then the neck and head areas.

In particular conditions, such as after surgery or trauma wounds, cellulitis may develop in the stomach or chest areas.

Risk factors:
Most commonly, It develops in the region of a break in the skin, such as a cut, small puncture wound, or insect sting.

It may also show up in the skin close ulcers or surgical wounds.

In different circumstances, cellulitis occurs where there has been no skin break at all, for example with chronic leg swelling (edema).

A preexisting skin disease, such as an athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) or impetigo can be a risk factor for the development of cellulitis.

Additionally, inflammatory health ailments or diseases of the skin such as eczema, psoriasis, or skin damage caused by radiation treatment may lead to cellulitis.

What causes cellulitis?
Nearly all cellulitis infections are caused by infection with strep (Streptococcus) or staph (Staphylococcus) bacteria.

The most common germs that cause cellulitis are beta-hemolytic streptococci (groups A, B, C, G, and F).

Erysipelas is more common in young children. The so-called “flesh-eating germs” are, in fact, also a strain of strep bacteria which can sometimes rapidly ruin thicker tissues beneath the skin.

The streptococcal infection known as the flesh-eating bacterial disease is a good illustration of fasciitis.

Cellulitis, when untreated, can seldom spread to the cells and cause critical fasciitis.

Staph (Staphylococcus aureus), including methicillin-resistant strains (MRSA), is another common type of bacteria that causes cellulitis.

Examples of antibiotics used to treat:

  • Penicillins
  • Amoxicillin
  • Amoxicillin and clavulanate (Augmentin)
  • Piperacillin and tazobactam (Zosyn)
  • Cefazolin
  • Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
  • Ceftazidime (Fortaz, Tazicef)
  • Imipenem and cilastatin (Primaxin)
  • Levofloxacin (Levaquin)
  • Ciprofloxacin (Cipro)
  • Vancomycin

In all cases, doctors choose a treatment based upon many factors, including the location and extent of the infection, the type of bacteria causing the infection, and the overall health status of the individual.

What is the outlook/prognosis and complications for Cellulitis?
Cellulitis is a curable illness, but antibiotic treatment is required to eradicate the disease and prevent complications and the spread of this disease.

Mostly it can be effectively treated with oral antibiotics at home. Sometimes hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics are needed if oral antibiotics aren’t effective.

Sepsis is a serious complication of cellulitis. If not properly treated, It can occasionally spread to the bloodstream and cause a serious bacterial infection of the bloodstream that spreads throughout the entire body (sepsis).

Hopefully, you find this article helpful enough. Kindly read our more articles and subscribe to us for staying updated on our all-new articles.

Thanks!!!

Team: Prime Health Blog

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To ensure good health: eat lightly, breathe deeply, live moderately, cultivate cheerfulness, and maintain an interest in life.

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